Coherent X-ray diffraction imaging
Coherent diffractive imaging (CDI) is also called coherent diffraction microscopy or lensless imaging.
In the conventional microscopies, the resolution of image is determined by lens parameters and wavelength.
To overcome the limit of resolution, we use x-ray which has small wavelength and collect diffraction signal of
specimen by detector instead of lens. By analyzing recorded diffracted intensity, it is able to retrieve not only
amplitude but also phase of the specimen. To allow it, the incident x-ray must be coherent, in other words,
the phase difference of incident light must be less then wavelength/2.
We also use HeNe laser, x-ray free-electron laser (XFEL, the fourth generation of radiation source),
and have plan to use soft x-ray generated by high powered femto-second laser as well as synchrotron radiation sources.
In this state-of-the-art imaging system, we can acquire high lateral resolution image (submitted) and depth resolution
by HeNe laser. Also it permits to analyze chemical components quantitatively even inside of specimen (submitted).
Furthermore, subcellular organism in biological system is able to retrieve (in preparation).